If you are sincere about improving or maintaining your physical fitness, you may already be aware of the five components of physical fitness. However, if you are just starting out this may be the perfect place to start. Those that fall into the category of “fitness nuts” continually assess, work to improve and reassess their physical fitness according to these five components.
To determine how healthy and fit a body is, there are five components of physical fitness that must be assessed. These areas are targeted in assessments that are performed by schools, fitness centers and health clubs alike. When these five categories are evaluated, you will be able to ascertain how good of physical shape you are truly in.
The Five Components of Physical Fitness
You must score well in all five of these components to be in great physical shape.
Cardiovascular Endurance – Cardiovascular endurance is the body’s ability to have the heart and lungs work in unison to provide the necessary oxygen and fuel that the body needs to function properly during a workload such as jogging, swimming or other types of endurance activities.
Muscular Strength – Muscular strength is tested with activities such as bench pressing, push ups, or leg presses. This determines the amount of force that the body can produce. Building Muscle this way is not exclusive to men.
Muscular Endurance – Muscular endurance is a test of how well the body performs a continuous activity. These activities could include bicycling, elliptical, and sit ups. Sit ups are the most commonly used activity to test muscular endurance.
Flexibility – Flexibility is the frequently tested used the sit and reach method. This test determines a person’s ability to move through the possible range of motion for each joint. Stretching or lunges are other good examples of this type of exercise.
Body Composition – This test determines the amount of body fat compared to lean muscle, bone and organs. There are a variety of methods that are used to perform this test. The best method is considered to be the underwater weighing, however because of the necessary equipment is expensive and large it is not often used. Skinfold readings and bioelectrical impedance are often used to perform the body composition test.
For more information see the benefits of the 5 Components of Physical Fitness